Smart Cities: Guaranteeing our Future
On the face of it, the two simple words, “Smart Cities”, seem to imply the obvious: A city made more intelligent to its citizens, through technology. Yet, Smart Cities are anything but simple and obvious. Ask any of the cities, industries or research entities involved in smart city projects, and each will give you a different definition of what is involved in building a Smart City and what its priorities should be. It differs from global region to region; from city to city within a single nation; and over time, depending on the social, economic and political trends of the moment.
From a technology point-of-view, scratch the surface and we see Smart Cities as verticals covering Connectivity, Data, Energy, Transport, Buildings, and Governance. However, dig deeper and it now includes a far more complex and comprehensive vision of cities where we live, work and visit. Take the examples of employment, agriculture, healthcare and social well-being, to name a few. Today’s Smart City is very different one to that designed and developed a generation or so ago. Technology is no longer just a solution for providing more efficient resources and municipality services. Yes, it is still very much that, but it has evolved into something far more panoptic. It has become “People-Centric”, with a strong awareness to improve the many facets of our lives within a city, and provide a well-balanced, healthy and happy life.
It is projected that by 2025 smart cities will be a $1.2 trillion market. This will bring a wealth of incredible technology solutions and opportunities for new economies and job markets to develop and fill the gap in areas where work is dying out. But such positives come with a great responsibility. With over 55% of the world’s population living and working in cities today and two-thirds by 2050, how we use technology in our cities has a huge impact on humanity. We must work hand-in-hand with citizens, engaging their participation from the start of any process of building a smarter city, in order to achieve much wider-spread adoption. We must provide technologies that bring people and social and business communities closer together, physically, not just virtually, so they can thrive. In an environment that is green, secure, protecting our privacy, and which promotes social well-being.
The IEEE IoT Initiative – Smart Cities working group embraces such complexity and has dedicated the last 12 months to redefining the “People-Centric” approach within IEEE, and is currently working on KPIs, guidelines, and towards efforts for revised and new standards.
Our goal during this Smart Cities track, of the IEEE IoT World Forum on IoT, is to provide a platform for communications and collaboration on the state-of-the art in IoT, not just between industry, government and research, but in reply to its complexity, we are inviting international experts across wider fields to join the conversation: from economics to finance; from healthcare to agriculture; and from urban planning to the environment, in order to provide a clear picture as to where we are today and where we are heading with the future of humankind.
During the 3 days and 9 sessions, the topics (and sub-topics) will cover:
- New Markets: Economics, Strategies and Finance
Economics – Strategies/Vision – Frameworks – Finance/Budgeting
- Make it “People-Centric”
Real-Life Connectivity – Citizen Engagement – Transparency – Digital Equity
- Powering our Infrastructures and City Services
Mobility – Communications – Utilities: Energy, Lighting and Water
- Trends in Urban Planning, Buildings and Sustainability
Urban Planning – Buildings/Homes – The Environment – eWaste
- Boosting Local Economies: Jobs for Now, Jobs for the Future
Employment – Education – Local Economies
- Data-driven, but Safe and Secure
Big Data – 5G – Blockchains – Security/Privacy
- Feeding our Cities and Looking after Us
Agriculture – Health Care – Social Well-Being
- Achieving a Global Common Framework and Standards
- Concluding Panel
Panel Leader: Adam Drobot, Chair Vertical and Topical Tracks WF- IoT 2020
Joel Myers, CEO of Domila Ltd. (Dublin, Ireland)
Leading technologist specializing in the creation and development of innovation technology solutions in the communications and management of services in Cultural Heritage, Tourism, and since 2015 in Business Networking.
His company, HoozAround Corp. is currently commercialising a mobile application called HoozAroundTM. This App offers very close-proximity networking for users to carry out business and social networking based on profile matching needs or interests in real-time, indoors and outdoors. Its aim is to bring people together that would otherwise never meet, face-to-face, in order to create new and more efficient opportunities to grow personally, socially as a city-wide community and in developing business. The app was successfully piloted at the IFA Berlin consumer electronics trade fair in 2017 and at the IEEE World Forum on IoT in February 2018 (Singapore).
Over the past few years Joel Myers has been focusing on the redefinition of the “Internet of People” exploring the goals of the smart city industry movement juxtaposed with the need for humanity to remain connected as physical people.
The work carried out by Joel Myers has been published in international newspapers and journals such as the BBC, New York Times, Hong Times, the Hindu Times, Wired, and Forbes Magazine.
Rebecca Lee Hammons, Ball State University (Muncie, IN USA)
Dr. Rebecca Hammons is an associate professor in the Center for Information and Communication Sciences at Ball State University. She has extensive technology industry experience in establishing and leading software quality assurance, product development lifecycle services, and project management teams. Strengths include technical leadership, process improvement and automation, predictive analytics for software, and strategic planning.
Dr. Hammons has worked for Ontario Systems, Apple, Raytheon, Tivoli Systems and Wang, in addition to several niche software firms. She is a Certified Quality Manager and Certified Software Quality Engineer with the American Society for Quality (ASQ) and a Certified Scrum Master and Certified Scrum Product Owner with Scrum Alliance. Dr. Hammons received her Ed.D. and M.A. from Ball State University and her B.A. from Michigan State University.
Her dissertation research was in self-directed learning for software quality practitioners. Current technology industry research interests include Slow Tech, Burnout Theory, Internet of Things/Smart Cities, and Gold-Collar Workers. Dr. Hammons thrives on leading organizational change initiatives and coaching individuals and teams to reach their full potential.
Narang N. Kishor, Narnix Technolabs Pvt. Ltd, India
Kishor is Technology Consultant, Mentor & Design Architect in Electrical, Electronics & ICT with over 40 years of professional experience in education, research, design and consulting. Over 30 years of hardcore Research and Design Development Experience in Solutions, Systems, Products, Hardware, Software & Firmware (Embedded Software) in fields of Industrial, Power, IT, Telecom, Medical, Energy and Environment, and over 10 years of Consultancy Experience to different segments of business & industry. He has over 200 Research & Design Mentees in the Electronics, ICT & STI Ecosystems. Professionally, he is an Electronics Design Engineer practicing design & development of a wide spectrum of Products, Systems & Solutions as an Independent Design House – NARNIX since 1981.
For last 10 years, deeply involved in Standardization in the Electrical, Electronics, Communication and Information Technology Domains with focus on Identifying Gaps in Standards to address Interoperable Systems & Solutions Deployments and bring Harmonization by defining standardized interfaces to ensure End-to-End Interoperability. Currently leading the Standardization activities as the Chairman of Smart Infrastructure Sectional Committee LITD 28 in BIS the Indian National Standards Body, Vice Chair – Strategy & Convenor – Reference Architecture WG in IEC Systems Committee on Smart Cities, Project Leader – IEC TS 63188 ED1 – Smart Cities Reference Architecture Methodology, Project Leader – IEC 63205 ED1 – Smart Cities Reference Architecture, Member Steering Committee – OCEANIS (The Open Community for Ethics in Autonomous and Intelligent Systems) & Co-Editor – ISO 30145 on Smart City ICT Reference Frameworks…
Currently, Kishor is developing a Comprehensive “5G inclusive ICT Architecture for Critical Infrastructure” and leading the 5G Application Layer Standards development in India.
Brian Miles, CGI, Lafayette, Louisiana, USA
Brian is trained as a software engineer and physical geographer. His research has focused on hydrology, energy policy, and land use and transportation modeling. His current work focuses on developing open source, standards-based data management systems for Internet of Things (IoT) solutions, including air quality and water monitoring.
Carlos M. Ferregut, The University of Texas at El Paso
Dr. Ferregut’s expertise lies in the fields of engineering risk analysis, reliability-based design and stochastic modeling. He also has had extended experience on Nondestructive evaluation of engineering systems. Key aspects of his research include the development of dedicated probabilistic models, the study of the effects of statistical and model uncertainties, and the application of both classical (statistical) reliability theory, as well as structural (model-based) reliability analysis. The practical applications of his research are mostly related to civil and aerospace engineering systems, marked by a need to manage, assess, and/or minimize risks. To date, particular emphasis has been given to buildings, pavements, bridges, foundations, aircraft structures and aerospace structures, gas pipelines, ship structures and stochastic modeling of environmental risks, environmental problems, and a probabilistic treatment of the robustness and durability of engineering systems.
Jean Rice, National Telecommunications and Information Administration
Jean Rice is a telecommunications expert and advisor who works with federal agencies, tribal, local and state governments, industry, universities and non-profits on smart cities and communities projects and provides technical assistance to support the widespread deployment of broadband infrastructure. Ms. Rice focuses on the development of cutting-edge, cross-sector smart cities and broadband projects and collaborations and leads NTIA’s partnership with the National Institute of Technology and Standards’ Global Cities Team Challenge program. She focuses on smart agriculture and rural, smart buildings, wireless, smart states, inclusion and smart regions. She is a member of the Networking and Information Technology and Research and Development Program’s Cyber-Physical System’s Interagency Working group and the Federal Smart Grid Task Force and had been a member of the prior NITRD Federal Smart Cities and Communities Task Force. Ms. Rice co-founded and coordinates the Smart Cities and Communities Leadership Forum hosted by NTIA, NIST, NSF, and DHS S&T. Ms. Rice has received several awards including an award from the Commerce Department for leadership in smart cities. She has developed numerous publications, including a number of Toolkits for NTIA, including “Powering a Smart City Through Partnerships; a Toolkit for Local and Tribal governments.” For 25 years, Ms. Rice was the CEO of a telecommunications consulting company for US cities and states. NTIA is responsible for advising the President on Telecommunications and Information Administration policy issues. NITA’s programs and policy making focus on expanding broadband internet access and adoption in the US, expanding the use of spectrum by all users, and ensuring that the Internet remains and engine for continued innovation and economic growth.
Josh Sonnier, CGI, Lafayette, Louisiana, USA
Josh is mathematician and physicist by training with a diverse technical background including pure research, data science, software development, and industrial R&D. After many years in academia, he transitioned to the private sector and continues to enjoy it. He currently leads a team focusing on cloud development, data science, machine learning, and automation at CGI, a global IT company with 77,000 members around the world and over 500 in Lafayette.
Katy Dupre, Consultant, LEARN, Lafayette, Louisiana, USA
Katy is the functional lead and project manager for the LEaRN project where she oversees the development of partner relationships, research partner projects, and community engagement efforts. Her professional experience spans across industry lines in both the public and private sectors, including economic development, civic engagement, and open-data community improvement projects. Most recently, she worked on projects for the University of Chicago’s “Data Science for Social Good” fellowship which aimed to reduce recidivism rates among mental health populations, reduce the number of new type II diabetes cases in underserved populations, and minimize traffic congestion in Jakarta, Indonesia. She is a Lafayette native with a Bachelor of Arts and Master of Arts in Political Science from University of Louisiana at Lafayette and University of New Orleans respectively. She also holds a certification in “Big Data and Social Analytics” from MIT’s School of Architecture and Planning.
Keith Gremban, Director, Institute for Telecommunication Sciences
Dr. Keith Gremban, who joined NTIA on Monday, May 18, 2015, as Director of ITS and Co-Director of the Center for Advanced Communications, has been involved in systems engineering and advanced technology for over thirty years. His interests are in wireless communications, networking, and networked systems. Before founding Shavano Systems, a systems engineering and program management consulting company, he was a Program Manager at the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA), where he managed a portfolio of programs in tactical communications and electronic warfare.
Dr. Gremban worked in industry at SET Corporation, Science Applications International Corporation, SRI International, and Martin Marietta. His industry experience included managing several advanced technology development organizations, and he led projects in tactical command-and-control, networking, robotics, and intelligent systems. Dr. Gremban received his Ph.D. and M.S. in Computer Science from Carnegie Mellon University, and his M.S. in Applied Mathematics and B.S. in Mathematics from Michigan State University.
Natalia Villanueva Rosales, The University of Texas at El Paso, USA
Dr. Villanueva Rosales’ work aims to improve the efficiency and effectiveness of discovery, integration, and trust of scientific data and models. Her approach links human and machine knowledge to address societally-relevant problems in areas that require interdisciplinary approaches supported by the development and application of data science such as the sustainability of water resources and Smart cities. She is passionate about encouraging and supporting women and Hispanics pursuing a career or education in Science and Engineering. Diversity, inclusion, and collaboration are at the core of her research, teaching and service activities.
She obtained a Ph.D. in Computer Science from Carleton University (Canada) with the thesis and also holds an M.Sc. in Artificial Intelligence from the University of Edinburgh (UK). She has a Bachelors’s degree in Computer Science from the “Universidad Panamericana Campus Aguascalientes” and a double-major in Statistics from the Center for Mathematics Research (CIMAT, Mexico).
Nélio Alessandro Azevedo Cacho, Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Norte, Natal, Brasil
Nélio works in the areas of Software Engineering and Distributed Systems, with an emphasis on the following topics: Big Data Analytics, Fault Tolerance Mechanisms, Load balancing and Security in Discovery Service Mechanisms, Mobile and Ubiquitous Computing, Cloud Computing and Smart Cities.
He carried out a postdoctoral internship at Newcastle University (UK, 2017-2018), with a PhD in Computer Science at the University of Lancaster (UK, 2005-2008), and a Masters and Bachelor of Computer Science degree at the Federal University of Rio Grande do Norte (UFRN, 2004-2006).
He has won the following international awards:
- Google Research Award for Latin America (LARA 2019), Google Inc. (2019 and 2018)
- Best Paper Award in the 5th IEEE International Smart Cities Conference (IEEE ISC2 2019), Paper – Orthus: A Blockchain Platform for Smart Cities, Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE). (2019)
- Best Paper Award in the IEEE International Conference on Smart City Innovations (San Francisco, EUA), Paper “Feature Engineering for Crime Hotspot Detection”, Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE, 2017).
- Best Paper Award in the 3rd IEEE Smart Cities Conference (Wuxi, China), Paper “Towards an Architecture for Smart Garbage Collection in Urban Settings”, Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE, 2017).
- ACM SIGSOFT Distinguished Paper Award in the 36th International Conference on Software Engineering (ICSE 2014), Paper “Trading Robustness for Maintainability: an Empirical Study of Evolving C# Program”, ACM SIGSOFT (2014).
Rosaldo J. F. Rossetti, University of Porto, Portugal
Rosaldo Rossetti joined the Faculty of Engineering at University of Porto, Portugal, as assistant professor in 2006, initially in the Informatics Section of the Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering. As of January 2008, however, he moved to the recently created Department of Informatics Engineering. He is also a research fellow at the Artificial Intelligence and Computer Science Lab. (LIACC), within the distributed AI and robotics group, at the same University. Dr. Rossetti received the B.Eng. (Hons) degree in civil engineering from UFC, in 2005, and both the M.Sc. and Ph.D. degrees in computer science from UFRGS, Brazil, in 1998 and 2002, respectively. He carried out most of his doctoral research as a full-time Ph.D. research student at Leeds University’s Institute for Transport Studies, Leeds, UK, within the Network Modelling Group. Dr. Rossetti has been actively engaged as member of technical committees and as co-organiser of many scientific events related to AI, MAS, and ITS, and served as reviewer for journals such as the IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON INTELLIGENT TRANSPORTATION SYSTEMS, Transportation Research Part C, the Journal of the American Society of Civil Engineering, the Transactions of SCS International, and the Journal of Intelligent Transportation Systems: Technology, Planning, and Operations. As of 2013, he is the ITS department editor of IEEE INTELLIGENT SYSTEMS, and has served as associate editor of IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON INTELLIGENT TRANSPORTATION SYSTEMS since 2011.
He is currently a member of the IEEE ITS Society’s Board of Governors for the term 2011–2013, and a Co-chair of the IEEE ITS Society’s Technical Activities Committee on Artificial Transportation Systems and Simulation. Besides IEEE, he is also an active member of ACM, APPIA, and AISTI. Dr. Rossetti’s main research interests generally include complex systems analysis, systems optimization, computer simulation, AI, and multi-agent systems (MAS). Currently, he is focusing on the application of AI techniques to tackle engineering problems, especially on using MAS-based simulation as a modelling metaphor to address issues in Intelligent Transportation Systems and urban mobility in general. Some of his ongoing projects are related to modelling and architectural issues of Artificial Transportation Systems, activity-based analysis of travel demand using MAS, AI techniques to implement optimised distributed traffic control and management, and simulators interoperability.
Victor M. Larios, Director of the Smart Cities Innovation Center (SCIC), The University of Guadalajara
Victor M. Larios followed higher education degree programs a the ITESO University in Mexico (BSc in Electronics Engineering) and the Université de Technologie de Compiègne in France (MSc and Ph.D.). He is a Full Professor at the Information Systems Department at the University of Guadalajara (UDG). Since April 2014, he is the Director of the Smart Cities Innovation Center (SCIC) and leads a group of researchers in Smart Cities and Information Technologies at UDG. His primary research interests are in Smart Cities, IoT Distributed Systems, Networking, Multiagent Systems, and Data Visualization using Virtual Reality. As contributions, Dr. Larios published more than 70 papers in international refereed journals and conferences and published a book in Serious Games.
Dr. Larios is cooperating in projects with the High Technology industry and government using design thinking and agile methodologies to accelerate technology transfer in living labs. As an entrepreneur, he is the founder and CIO of a consulting company IDI Smart Cities, working in cooperation with Advion Solutions from Finland. The main activities are the market research and the development of coordinated international projects in Latin American Countries and the European Union. More specifically, efforts are in place to introduce the Circular Economy Model as a sustainability component for the Mega-Cities. As a volunteer, Dr. Larios also is a technical advisor for the Guadalajara Smart City project for the Government and international ONGs as IEEE. Victor M. Larios is a Senior Member at IEEE with 27 years of membership and the local leader of Guadalajara Core City at the IEEE Smart Cities Initiative since 2013.
Xiao-Jun Wu, Institute of Science & Technology, Jiangnan University, Wuxi (China)
Xiao-Jun Wu received his B.S. degree in mathematics from Nanjing Normal University, Nanjing, PR China in 1991 and M.S. degree in 1996, and Ph.D. degree in Pattern Recognition and Intelligent System in 2002, both from Nanjing University of Science and Technology, Nanjing, PR China, respectively. He was a fellow of United Nations University, International Institute for Software Technology (UNU/IIST) from 1999 to 2000. From 1996 to 2006, he taught in the School of Electronics and Information, Jiangsu University of Science and Technology where he was an exceptionally promoted professor. He joined School of Information Engineering (now renamed as School of IoT Engineering), Jiangnan University in 2006 where he is a distinguished professor of level two. He won the most outstanding postgraduate award by Nanjing University of Science and Technology. He has published more than 200 papers in his fields of research, among which 60 papers have indexed by SCI and more than 100 papers have been indexed by EI. He has won different awards including international award, national award and provincial award for his research achievements. He was a visiting postdoctoral researcher in the Centre for Vision, Speech, and Signal Processing (CVSSP), University of Surrey, UK from 2003 to 2004, under the supervision of Professor Josef Kittler. His current research interests are pattern recognition, computer vision, fuzzy systems, neural networks and intelligent systems. He is an associate editor of International Journal of Computer Mathematics , review editor of Frontiers in Neurorobotics, and editor of Journal of Algorithm and Computational Technology respectively. He is in charge of Wuxi IEEE Smart Cities Pioneering Program, IEEE Smart Cities Initiative.
Martin M. Zoltick, Rothwell, Figg, Washington, DC, USA
Martin M. Zoltick is a shareholder with Rothwell, Figg, Ernst & Manbeck, P.C. in Washington, DC. He has been practicing in the field of technology law for more than 30 years. His practice is focused primarily on IP matters, transactions, and privacy, data protection, and cybersecurity. Mr. Zoltick is a Certified Information Privacy Professional in the United States (CIPP/US) and works with his clients to help them understand and navigate the rapidly evolving area of privacy and data protection law. He is working with clients to prepare, integrate, and implement best practices for CCPA, other state’s laws, and GDPR compliance. With his technical background and expertise, he is uniquely positioned to work with IT and technical teams to understand potential exposure and minimize the risks of a breach. Mr. Zoltick is currently providing thought leadership on the application of data protection laws and industry/technology-specific data privacy and security considerations for IoT devices, biometric data, and in outer space
Mr. Zoltick is a registered patent attorney, and a substantial part of his practice involves drafting and prosecuting patent applications and, along with that, developing with his clients IP strategic plans designed to maximize value and satisfy both legal and business objectives. Mr. Zoltick also has significant experience handling contested cases and disputes on behalf of his clients. He regularly serves as trial counsel in major patent disputes in the U.S. federal district courts and as lead counsel in post-grant proceedings before the U.S. Patent and Trademark Office Patent Trial and Appeal Board.
Mr. Zoltick represents a wide range of U.S.-based and international clients, including independent inventors, entrepreneurs, emerging businesses, middle market and mature companies, as well as investors and venture capitalists.
Talk Title: “Hey Siri and Alexa” – How on Earth (or, for that matter, in Outer Space) Can I Determine What Data Protection and Privacy Laws Apply and How to Comply?
Abstract –New laws are taking effect across the globe to regulate the collection, use, and protection of personal information. At the same time, the rate of cyber attacks, data breaches and unauthorized use of personal data is growing exponentially. The massive proliferation of IoT devices and technology, now expanded even further to include space-based technologies, gives rise to unique and challenging considerations from a legal and regulatory perspective. With the autonomous data collection, transfer, tracking, analysis, and decision-making enabled by IoT and IoS technologies that will no doubt include personal information, it is more important than ever to understand the rights and obligations of individuals and organizations with respect to personal information. The rapidly evolving technology landscape and high profile data breach cases have elevated privacy, data protection, and cybersecurity to a key business risk and operational priority.
In this presentation, I will address the new data protection and privacy laws, rules and regulations that are, or soon will be, in effect, including the EU’s General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR), the California Consumer Privacy Act (CCPA), and other similar regulations being adopted in the US and around the World. I will relate these new laws to several use cases involving IoT devices and the processing of personal information, including location, financial, health, genetic, and biometric data. I will then address what steps are necessary to develop and implement a compliance strategy and framework for risk management to establish best practices for compliance with the evolving new data protection and privacy laws, and touch on the role of new technologies utilizing, for example, blockchain and AI techniques in mitigating risks and supporting compliance.